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The nameBrazilis derived from the Portuguese and Spanish wordbrasil,the name of an East Indian tree with reddish-brown wood from which a red dye was extracted. The Portuguese found a New World tree related to the Old World brasil tree when they explored what is now called Brazil, and as a result they named the New World country after the Old World tree. The wordbrasilis cognate with Frenchbrésil,Old Frenchberziandbresil,Old Italianverzino,and Medieval Latinbrezellum, brasilium, bresillum, braxile.The many Latin forms suggest a non-Latin, non-Romance origin, as in an East Indian term.